Ethiopia Limmu G3 Organic Natural - Burka Gudina Estate
Cupping Notes: Good body, rich chocolate, toffee, dried fruits, mango, grape, dried blueberry, good mouth feel
This Grade 3 Organic Ethiopian Limmu comes from the Burka Gudina Estate. Ibrahim Hussein is the third generation owner of the Burka Gudina Estate. The estate uses 150 hectares of farmland for coffee production and employs 120 people during the peak season. Growing altitude at Burka Gudina ranges from 1850-2000 masl. Ibrahim Hussein purchased the estate over 10 years ago and named the land Burka Gudina, translating to “Where the blessings grow.” The coffee is grown without added pesticides, chemicals or synthetic fertilizers with shade provided by native trees, contributing to the biodiversity of the region.
Country of Origin: Ethiopia
Coffee Grade: Grade 3 Natural
Plant Species: Arabica
Processing: Natural/Dry Processed
Farm Name: Burka Gudina Estate
Growing Altitude: 1800-2200 MASL
History of Coffee in Ethiopia
Coffee is ancient in Ethiopia, but coffee farming is not. By the end of the 9th Century coffee was actively being cultivated in Ethiopia as food, but probably not as a beverage. It was the Arab world that developed brewing. Even as coffee became an export for Ethiopia in the late 1800’s, Ethiopian coffee was the result of gathering rather than agricultural practices. A hundred years ago, plantations, mostly in Harar, were still the exception, while “Kaffa” coffee from the southwest was still harvested wild. In 1935, William Ukers wrote: “Wild coffee is also known as Kaffa coffee, from one of the districts where it grows most abundantly in a state of nature. The trees grow in such profusion that the possible supply, at a minimum of labor in gathering, is practically unlimited. It is said that in south-western Abyssinia there are immense forests of it that have never been encroached upon except at the outskirts.”
Growing Coffee in Ethiopia
As the birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia is home to more species of coffee plants than any place on earth, much of it still growing wild, and much of it still undiscovered. All Ethiopian coffee is Arabica and at least 150 varieties are commercially cultivated. Traditionally, these have simply been labelled as “heirloom varietals”; however, this is changing as the Jimma Agricultural Research Center works to identify species. Although there are a few estates in Ethiopia, 95% of coffee is grown by small land holders in a wide variety of environments, including “coffee forests” where coffee grows wild and is harvested by the local people. All specialty grade Ethiopian Coffee is grown above 4,000 feet and most above 6,000. In the highlands of Sidamo and Yirgacheffe, coffee can grow above 7,000 feet.